Daily Current Affairs in English – 08 April 2024

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Today’s Current Affairs

Celebrating the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the electroencephalogram (EEG).

  • The year 2024 marks the centenary of German psychiatrist Hans Berger's discovery of the electroencephalogram (EEG).
  • EEG, a medical test that measures the brain's electrical activity, has become an important tool for understanding the brain and diagnosing neurological disorders.
  • In 1924, working in near isolation and excruciating boredom, Hans Berger observed rhythmic electrical activity from the scalps of human subjects in Jena, Germany.
  • Convinced that this activity originates from within the brain, he coined the term “electroencephalogram”. It took another decade for the scientific community to accept Berger's work, marking the birth of the field of electroencephalography.

RBI decided to keep the policy rate unchanged

  • The Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) met recently, deciding to keep the repo rate – the key policy rate – unchanged at 6.5 per cent and maintain the policy of 'withdrawal of accommodation'.
  • Both the decisions were taken by a 5:1 majority by the six-member MPC headed by RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das.
  • The RBI has projected a marginal inflation rate of 4.5 per cent in the financial year 2024-25.
  • It estimates inflation at 4.9 percent in Q1, 3.8 percent in Q2, 4.6 percent in Q3 and 4.5 percent in Q4 of FY25.

Issue of power to state governments to levy excise duty on industrial alcohol

  • The Supreme Court is currently hearing arguments on whether state governments have powers to regulate and control the sale, distribution, pricing and other factors related to 'industrial' alcohol.
  • The matter has been referred to a 9-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud.
  • The case arose out of a notification issued by the Uttar Pradesh government in 1999.

Tamil Nadu: Problem of Disaster Relief Fund from Centre

  • In December 2023, Tamil Nadu was severely affected by Cyclone Michaung and subsequent floods.
  • The state has filed a suit in the Supreme Court alleging that the Center is withholding the National Disaster Relief Fund needed to help the affected areas.
  • The Tamil Nadu government is seeking Rs 37,902 crore for the damage caused by the cyclone and an additional Rs 2,000 crore as an interim measure for relief work.

  • After the National Education Policy Draft recommended to reduce the standard of 10th and 12th examinations, now the new format of examinations has been clarified in the draft National Curriculum Framework. It has been recommended in the plan that the assessment at the important stages of 10th and 12th should be implemented on the basis of semester system instead of only on the basis of annual examination, and also the marks of 11th should be taken into consideration in the final result of 12th.
  • The National Council of Educational Research and Training announced the interim draft of the National Curriculum on Thursday. Along with the changes in the courses, the changes in the teaching method, evaluation method are also included in it. Many aspects like further admission, choice of faculty depend on the two stages of 10th i.e. secondary school examination and 12th i.e. higher secondary school examination. So these exams are of unique importance.
  • Presently, various state boards including Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conduct the 10th and 12th examinations at the end of the year and the final results are declared based on the performance of the students in that single examination.
  • A change in the examination system has been suggested in the syllabus made according to the new educational policy. Combined educational stage from ninth to twelfth will be considered.

Sessional exam for 10th, 12th? Recommendations in the National Curriculum Framework

  • Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation i.e. IRCTC (IRCTC) offers a variety of tour packages to various states and religious places in India. If you want to visit the two famous religious places of Ayodhya and Vaishnodevi, IRCTC offers you a tremendous opportunity. You can travel to both places at a very low cost through Bharat Gaurav Tourist Train.

Take Ayodhya and Vaishnodevi Darshan at a low cost! Railways gave a golden opportunity, just pay 'this much' fare

  • Ayodhya Ram Temple to Vaishno Devi Package is a complete 10 nights and 11 days package. It will start from Dibrugarh in Assam and the Bharat Gaurav Tourist Train will depart from there. After this you will be able to travel from Mariani, Lumding, Guwahati, New Coochbehar, New Jalpaiguri and Katihar stations. Passengers will get boarding/deboarding facility at all these stations.

  • Through this train tour you will be able to visit Ram Temple and Hanumangarh in Ayodhya. Apart from this, there will be an opportunity to see Shri Mata Vaishno Devi at Katra. Apart from this you will get a chance to visit Prayagraj's Triveni Sangam and Alopi Deva Temple. You can also visit the Kashi Vishwanath Temple of Banaras by train.


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